The linear system is one of the earliest and simplest forms of organization. Its characteristics are that the administrative units at all levels of the enterprise email list implement vertical leadership from top to bottom, the subordinate departments only accept the instructions of one superior, and the person in charge at each level is responsible for all problems of the subordinate unit. Its structure is shown in the figure below.
1) The advantages of the linear organizational structure
Simple structure and unified command;
Responsibilities are clear;
Easy to contact and easy to adapt to changes in the environment;
Management costs are low.
It requires the person in charge of the administration to be proficient in a variety of knowledge and skills, which goes against the principle of specialized division of labor;
Need to handle all kinds of business in person. Excessive concentration of power can easily lead to abuse of power.
3) Scope of application
The straight-line system is only suitable for small-scale enterprises with simple production technology and business model, and is not suitable for enterprises with complex production technology and business management.
2. Functional system
The functional organizational structure is that administrative units at all levels set up some functional agencies in addition to the person in charge. Such as the establishment of functional agencies and personnel under the person in charge to assist the person in charge in functional management. This structure requires the executive director to hand over the corresponding management responsibilities and powers to the relevant functional agencies, and each functional agency has the right to issue orders to the lower-level administrative units within their own business scope.
Therefore, in addition to accepting the command of the superior administrative director, the lower-level administrative director must also accept the leadership of the higher-level functional agencies.